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POLAND

 

Szkola Podstawowa nr 38 im. Ludwika Zamenhofa

School Name : Szkola Podstawowa nr 38 im. Ludwika Zamenhofa
Telephone : 34 361 40 75
FAX : 34 361 40 75
Address : ul. Sikorskiego 56, 42-200 Czestochowa, POLAND

E-mail : sp38@wp.pl
Web Site : http://www.szp38.republika.pl

info.....

Szkola Podstawowa nr 38 w Czestochowie Szkola Podstawowa nr 38 w Czestochowie

Poland

Poland (Polska) officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska). Is a country in Central Europe bordered by the Czech RepublicSlovakia to the south; Ukraine, BelarusLithuania to the east, Germany to the west;the Baltic SeaKaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres, Poland has a population of over 39 million people.

The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966, when the state covered territory similar to that of present-day Poland. The Kingdom of Poland was formed in 1025,in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing theof Lublin, forming the Polish--Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The Commonwealth collapsed in 1795,Poland's territory was partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire,Austria. Poland regained its independence as the Second Polish Republic in 1918, after World War I, but two decades later it was occupied by Nazi Germanythe Sovietat the outbreak of World War II in September 1939. Poland lost over six million citizens in the waremerged several years later as the People's Republic of Poland under Soviet influence.

During the Revolutions of 1989, communist rule was overthrown,Poland became what is constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is a unitary state, made up of sixteen Voivodeships (Polish: Województwo), Poland is a member of the European Union, NATO, the United Nations, the World Trade Organization,the Organisation for Economic Co-operationDevelopment (OECD).

Czestochowa

The most distinctive sight in Czestochowa is the Pauline Monastery of JasnaGóra, founded in 1382. It is one of the best-preserved church buildings in Poland. Situated on a limestone hill, the church dominates the city with its tall tower, visible from the distance of over a dozen kilometres.

The most precious treasure of JasnaGóra is the Picture of the Blessed Virgin Mary with Infant Jesus, also referred to as Black Madonna, to which millions of pilgrims wander every year from all over Polandall around the world.

The most beautiful part of the region is the Cracow- Czestochowa Uplands, stretching in the form of a narrow belt from CzestochowaWielun in the north towards Cracow in the south.

Tourists are impressed by the wonderful vast landscape with its white limestone towers, rocky hills, caves, ravinessprings as well as abundantvaried faunaflora with numerous rare species. Ruins of medieval castles visible from far away with the remains of their white, limestone walls, stir the imagination with fascinating legends.

The “ Eagles’ Nests Route” runs through the most beautiful areas of the Uplands. The trail starts in Czestochowafinishes in Cracow, on its way crossing Ojców National Park. Tourists may admire the unusually shaped hillsrocksmany caves.

The Czestochowa region offers great opportunities for different forms of active tourism: hiking, cycling, horse-riding, cave exploration,rock climbing. There are also aviation sports opportunities as well as water sports.